I. IntroductionOver the past few years, techniques to refine and process data have been developed and honed. Whether it is developments in machine learning or the internet-of-things, the invention of these technologies has made data a valuable and strategic commodity. Given the importance and value of data to commercial operations, this has led to the … Continue reading Consent and Personal Data: Charting the Differences between the PDPA and GDPR
I. IntroductionIt is no secret that children and youths are often rowdy and mischievous. The real problem arises when mischief turns into criminal activity. Faced with extreme troublemakers who may have stepped foot into illegality, what can parents do? Children and young persons (“CYPs”) who engage in behaviour that puts them at risk of committing … Continue reading Breaking the Cycle of At-Risk Behaviour in Youths: Singapore’s 2020 Family Guidance Order
I. IntroductionThis article explains how the Personal Data Protection (Amendment) Act 2020 (the “Amendment”) benefits the user in three areas: customer experience, safeguards, and transparency. Firstly, the Amendment improves customer experience in two ways: (1) deemed consent by contractual necessity eliminates the hassle of clicking multiple checkboxes to express the user’s consent to the sharing … Continue reading Benefits of the Personal Data Protection (Amendment) Act 2020 to the Consumer
Developed by Herbert Packer, the Crime Control Model and Due Process Model espouse different ideologies in criminal justice – the former prioritises efficient crime suppression in the interests of public order, while the latter emphasises the primacy of individual rights in relation to the state. While Singapore’s criminal justice regime incorporates characteristics of both, historically, experts have argued that it bears greater similarity to the Crime Control Model.
The story of Ms Parti Liyani is one of a harrowing journey through the criminal justice regime, resulting in eventual victory, but at great cost. In March 2019, Ms Liyani stood trial for four theft-related charges and was found guilty of all four charges. On appeal, it was found that the Prosecution had led Ms Liyani to make an admission at the trial below, by failing to disclose the non-functional state of a DVD player she was accused of stealing. Although she was eventually acquitted, Ms Liyani’s story is a demonstration of the impact of prosecutorial decisions on accused persons.
Written by: Emily Tan* I. Introduction It’s a dog-eat-dog world out there. There are unethical businesses which will lie and take advantage of their customers just to make a sale. One example occurred way back in 2014, when an unsettling video of one Pham Van Thoai circulated on the net, which showed him crying and … Continue reading Consumer Protection for the Consumer
The Women’s Charter marked a significant swing for gender equality in Singapore. Its founders wanted to foster the principle of equality between women and men through its enactment. Under the Charter, both spouses are regarded as equal beings capable of cooperating with each order to promote the interests of the marriage.
Recently, the debate on issues relating to gender equality has received much attention in the public forum. On 20 September 2020, Law and Home Affairs Minister K. Shanmugam has announced that the Singapore government will review crucial issues on gender equality which will culminate in a White Paper by the first half of next year.
Written by: Chye Shu Li* Introduction Rome wasn’t built in a day, but it sure burned in one. No wonder then, that defamation is treated seriously – a person’s reputation takes ages to build, yet a single incident, a statement in a newspaper, a remark in a magazine, or even a seemingly innocuous comment online … Continue reading Damages for Defamation: How Are They Assessed?
Written by: Samantha Ee and Sonia Elizabeth Rajendra* Introduction Of all the weapons man could invent, the most terrible – and the most powerful – was the word. In today’s digital era, statements made on social media can be easily shared, forwarded, and reposted, making social media sites a breeding ground for rumours and falsehoods. … Continue reading An Overview of Defamation
Written by: Winie Ao* Money, money, money, must be funny, in the rich man’s world. I. INTRODUCTION For a potential bankrupt, the notion of “money” is far from funny. Indeed, it is his very lifeblood – the source of both his worry and glee. To bring some assurance and clarity to persons who may have … Continue reading The Basics of Bankruptcy in Singapore